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tangible benefitsenvironmentalriver peddletoothed roll

tangible benefitsenvironmentalriver peddletoothed roll

Examples of such conflict are many, and several reasons have been advanced as to the causes for these conflicts and are based on structural controls of different governments. In Nigerias Niger Delta, the local communities have been embroiled in conflict with the extractive companies (particularly Shell and Chevron) and with the Nigerian government ever since the first commercial drilling of oil begun in Oloibiri in 1956 [7, 8, 9, 10]. It is argued that the question of land ownership is what underpins much of the conflict witnessed in the Niger Delta [11]. Research among some rural communities in Rivers, Bayelsa, and Akwa Ibom States in Nigerias Niger-Delta region, noted the disdain with which the locals held the Land Use Act (which allowed land expropriation by the state), and the 1969 Petroleum Act (which vests all petroleum resource rights to the federal government), which clashed with the traditional thinking of the locals who exercised allodial interest on land, as occupants and users of the land, and therefore, considered themselves the real owners of the land [11]. The locals insisted that they not only own the surface rights, but that also owned the subterranean rights as well. Environmental degradation is also offered as another reason for these conflicts. When one looks at how 80years of commercial mining of tin has left a legacy of damaged or derelict landscape covering some 316 square kilometers in Jos Plateau in Northern Nigeria, and how efforts at reclamation have largely failed, one can understand why mining is abhorred ([12], pp. 4849). Clearly, environmental concerns are a major issue in mining conflicts, even more so when the damage is as glaring and/or as dangerous as that currently witnessed in the Niger Delta (where environmental damage is caused by gas flaring, tailings, and oil spills) ([11], pp. 2829). Other scholars have argued that mining conflicts are caused not so much by environmental degradation as literature suggests, but by the unequal distribution of outcomes arising from environmental degradation and the process that causes it, or from the profits emanating from such activities ([13], p. 5; [14]). Locals are often quoted lamenting that what we have here is a situation in which the states producing the oil wealth go cap-in-hand and the non-producing far-flungstates enjoy the wealth ([14], p. 770). It is argued that oil extraction and distribution of the benefits, as well as oil revenue politics, informs most contemporary conflicts in Nigerias Niger Delta [9, 10]. It is noted that whereas much of the oil revenue is derived from this region, it remains one of the poorest regions in Nigeria. Although oil is primarily pumped from this region, and that this dominates Nigerias foreign exchange earnings, the oil minorities receive few of its benefits; rather, the central government distributes most of these earnings to more politically powerful regions particularly the North, leaving the Delta one of the poorest and most backward regions despite its being the primary source of Nigerias wealth ([9], p. 395). This has spurred unrest in the Delta, leading to violence, acts of sabotage and to the kidnapping of government and oil-company officials

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The pendulum mill PM is a roller mill, which is based on the Raymond mill. This horizontal mill is available in various sizes and is suitable for fine grinding and

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RollerCrusher|Nuwara EliyaTangible Benefits Small

RollerCrusher|Nuwara EliyaTangible Benefits Small

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